Hyper-Enabled Operator: Situational Awareness as Armor

  • Ruben Arderi
  • Aaron Chough
  • Simon Kronschnabel
  • Melanie Rigoni
  • Vikram Mittal
Keywords: Hyper-Enabled Operator, Situational Awareness, Survivability, Lethality

Abstract

The Hyper-Enabled Operator (HEO) project seeks to increase the survivability of special forces operators through increased situational awareness (SA) capabilities. The precursor to HEO was the Tactical Assault Light Operator Suit (TALOS) which sought to protect operators during room clearing operations by increasing their armor coverage. This study used combat modeling to compare the benefits of HEO to TALOS. This project developed four base models, each based on a relevant mission set. Each base model was compared against two variant models. The first variant provided the operators with enhanced SA. The second variant increased operator armor coverage without a performance degradation from increased weight. For some scenarios the incorporation of SA increased survivability more than a large increase in armor. Further, the study found that enhancing SA increases survivability by 8.3% on average for the four mission sets; this increase is similar to increasing armor coverage by a factor of four.

References

Bew, G., Baker, A., Goodman, D., Nardone, O., & Robinson, M. (2015). Measuring Situational Awareness at the Small Unit Tactical Level. IEEE Systems and Information Engineering Design Symposium, pp. 51-56.
Davidson, A., Flanick, S., Yoo, A., Mote, J.D., & Mittal, V. (2019). Expanding the Hyper-Enabled Operator Technology Across the Special Forces Enterprise. Industrial and Systems Engineering Review, Vol 7. Issue 1, pp. 2-8.
Department of Defense. (2014). Joint Publication 3-05: Special Operations.
Department of Homeland Security. (2017, November 17). Snapshot: ATAK increases situational awareness, communication and alters understanding of actions across agencies. Retrieved from DHS: Science and Technology: https:// dhs.gov/science-and-technology/news/2017/11/17/snapshot-atak-increases-situational-awareness-communication
Franklyn, M., & Lee, P. (2017). Military Injury Biomechanics: The Cause and Prevention of Impact Injuries. New York: CRC.
Harrison, K., White, J., Rivera, P., Giovinco, T., Jurado, J., & Mittal, V. (2019). Aligning Needs, Technologies, and Resources for Special Operations. Proceedings of the Annual General Donald R. Keith Memorial Conference. West Point, NY: Society of Industrial and Systems Engineering.
Keller, J. (2019, February 15). SOCOM's Iron Man Suit Is Officially Dead . Retrieved from Military.Com: https://www.military.com/daily-news/2019/02/15/socoms-iron-man-suit-officially-dead.html
Martinez, A., Velazquez, A., Yoshizuka, A., Clark, R., Mittal, V. (2016). Developing na Exoskeleton Test Plan for the TALOS Program. Industrial and Systems Engineering Review, Vol 4, Issue 2, pp. 156-162.
Siter, B. (2019, November). Soldiers test new IVAS technology, capabilities with hand-on exercises. Retrieved from: https://www.army.mil/article/230034/soldiers_test_new_ivas_technology_capabilities_with_hand_on_exercises
Published
2021-03-06